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Amazon Asks Authors to Demand All eBooks Sell for $9.99 or Less


On Saturday, the Amazon Books Team sent an email to book au­thors reg­is­tered with’s Kindle Direct Publisher pro­gram. That let­ter en­cour­ages au­thors to ex­press the fol­low­ing points to CEO of Hachette Book Group, Michael Pietsch:

  • We have not­ed your il­le­gal col­lu­sion. Please stop work­ing so hard to over­charge for ebooks. They can and should be less expensive.
  • Lowering e-book prices will help — not hurt — the read­ing cul­ture, just like pa­per­backs did.
  • Stop us­ing your au­thors as lever­age and ac­cept one of Amazon’s of­fers to take them out of the middle.
  • Especially if you’re an au­thor your­self: Remind them that au­thors are not unit­ed on this issue.

On Twitter, Australian book ed­i­tor Simon Collinson had this to say:

The let­ter be­gins with the sto­ry of the rise of the pa­per­book book in the 1930s. The pa­per­back was sig­nif­i­cant­ly less ex­pen­sive, more portable, and more eas­i­ly dis­trib­uted than hard­cov­er books that were the stan­dard of the time. Of course, the low­er price point made some pub­lish­ers and authors–including George Orwell of 1984 and Animal Farm fame–unhappy. Nearly a cen­tu­ry lat­er, hind­sight tells us that the ob­jec­tions of Orwell and his like-minded con­tem­po­raries were wrong; the pa­per­back books did not harm the book pub­lish­ing in­dus­try and what Amazon terms “read­ing cul­ture”. Quite the op­po­site: small­er, lighter, cheap­er pa­per­back ver­sions of books could be dis­trib­uted in more out­lets, more read­i­ly, and in greater va­ri­ety. Their low­er cov­er price meant that in­di­vid­ual read­ers could pur­chase and con­sume more books. Publishers and au­thors earned more mon­ey than with hard­cov­er sales alone be­cause of the in­creased num­ber of copies of their books sold, de­spite the low­er cov­er price per unit. The pa­per­back was a tremen­dous boon to the in­dus­try for all concerned.

Sub-ten-dollar ebooks, the let­ter ar­gues, are the new paperback.

Many e-books are be­ing re­leased at $14.99 and even $19.99. That is un­jus­ti­fi­ably high for an e-book. With an e-book, there’s no print­ing, no over-printing, no need to fore­cast, no re­turns, no lost sales due to out of stock, no ware­hous­ing costs, no trans­porta­tion costs, and there is no sec­ondary mar­ket — e-books can­not be resold as used books. E-books can and should be less expensive.

It’s un­clear from the let­ter if Amazon be­lieves that every ebook, re­gard­less of length, depth, sub­ject, or au­di­ence, should be priced at $9.99 or low­er. Is that price ceil­ing in­tend­ed on­ly for mass mar­ket fic­tion or all types of books? Hachette’s cat­a­log in­cludes fic­tion and non-fiction. If it’s Amazon’s point that $9.99 should be the top cov­er price for all books, then I, as an au­thor, object.

Does Amazon ex­pect my pub­lish­er and me to sell my 500-750-page tech­ni­cal books for on­ly $9.99? The print ver­sions of those books are typ­i­cal­ly priced be­tween $29.99 and $49.99, which is the av­er­age for sim­i­lar books. Were we to sell the ebook ver­sions for on­ly $9.99, three things would hap­pen. First, no one would buy the print ver­sions. Next, both my pub­lish­er and I would be in­un­dat­ed with email ac­cus­ing us of price goug­ing on the print ver­sions. Again, $29.99-49.99 is the in­dus­try av­er­age for such books, and it’s a price range that pays a small amount to every­one in­volved in the pro­duc­tion of the book (about 14 peo­ple per book, in­clud­ing my­self). Many would-be read­ers, how­ev­er, would per­ceive the ebook price as the ac­tu­al val­ue of the book and the print price as be­ing in­flat­ed for no good rea­son. And, fi­nal­ly, $9.99 is sim­ply not a fair price for a 500-750-page tech­ni­cal book on dig­i­tal pub­lish­ing, InDesign, Photoshop, Illustrator, or sim­i­lar top­ic that took the author(s) a few hun­dred hours to re­search and write with sim­i­lar time and ef­fort in­vest­ments from one or more tech­ni­cal ed­i­tors, a de­vel­op­men­tal ed­i­tor, a copy ed­i­tor, an in­dex­er, one or more lay­out artists, and a lay­out proof­ing team. Then, in ad­di­tion to the team di­rect­ly in­volved in pro­duc­ing the con­tent, there’s the author’s lit­er­ary agent as well as dozens of oth­er peo­ple at the pub­lish­ing com­pa­ny whose pay­check is fed sole­ly by sales of books.

Amazon ar­gues that 174 books are sold at $9.99 for every 100 sold at $14.99. I’ll have to trust Amazon on those fig­ures. They make sense, but on­ly in terms of books that have a very broad ap­peal across de­mo­graph­ics. Readers of my books are a rel­a­tive­ly nar­row market–professional or semi-professional de­sign­ers, pho­tog­ra­phers, and pub­lish­ing per­son­nel. It seems un­like­ly to me that sell­ing Mastering InDesign for Print Design & Production for 1/5th of the print version’s cov­er price would gen­er­ate 5X the sales. If it didn’t, then some­one doesn’t get paid. Should that be the au­thor (me), my ded­i­cat­ed tech ed­i­tor, the pub­lish­er who has to make pay­roll for a few thou­sand em­ploy­ees, the lay­out artist who arranged my words on the page, or some­one else? It would most­ly like­ly be all of us be­cause pub­lish­ers sim­ply won’t buy books on which they can’t make a profit.

If pub­lish­ers don’t buy the books, read­ers can’t read them. Thus Amazon’s ar­gu­ment that set­ting a price cap of $9.99 on­ly ben­e­fits, and can’t hurt, read­ers is naive and er­ro­neous. As it is now, pub­lish­ers are buy­ing few­er and few­er books due in part to Amazon’s pri­or price-fixing, which leaves read­ers look­ing to self-published ebooks and the Web for very of­ten sub­stan­dard, error-laden, even com­plete­ly wrong non-fiction and tech­ni­cal in­for­ma­tion from… (I have a hard time us­ing the word “au­thors” here.) …writ­ers who don’t al­ways re­al­ly know what they’re writ­ing about. Say what you want about book pub­lish­ers (I’ve got plen­ty of com­plaints my­self), they vet their authors–before and dur­ing book writing–ensuring that au­thors ac­tu­al­ly know the sub­jects about which they publish.

As com­pelling as Amazon’s let­ter was, I’ll have to dis­agree: price-fixing, sell­ing all ebooks re­gard­less of length, sub­ject, or au­di­ence at be­low $10 is not the best thing since the in­ven­tion of the pa­per­back for any­one but Amazon.

Read the en­tire let­ter from Amazon here.

Laura Dawson, the Product Manager for Identifiers at Bowker (read: the gate­keep­er for U.S. ISBN num­bers) chimed in on her blog, too, with the post Go Home Amazon. You’re Drunk.

Update: 2014-08-11, 1:30 PM EST

Michael Pietsch, Hachette’s CEO, did in­deed re­ceive “a few emails” ap­par­ent­ly at Amazon’s urg­ing. In a sto­ry on Digital Book World, Pietsch’s re­sponse email quot­ed in its en­tire­ty, in­clud­ing the fol­low­ing passage:

  • More than 80% of the ebooks [Hachette pub­lish­es] are priced at $9.99 or lower.
  • Those few priced higher—most at $11.99 and $12.99—are less than half the price of their print versions.
  • Those high­er priced ebooks will have low­er prices soon, when the pa­per­back ver­sion is published.

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2 Responses

  1. Laura says:

    Please note that the blog re­flects my own per­son­al opin­ions and not those of Bowker. I don’t know what Bowker thinks, as an or­ga­ni­za­tion, be­cause Amazon is not a cus­tomer of ours.

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